Open Access, Peer Reviewed

Morphological variations of the lung fissure and lobes: A case study of a Kenyan female cadaver

Patrick Omondi and Domnic Marera

Date of Publication: 2019-08-23


Incidences of variations in the number of lung fissures and lobes have been documented. However, this case presents with a unique course and termination of the fissure of the left lung leading to changes in the morphology of bronchopulmonary segments. Any changes in the standard text book description of vital organs must be reported in view of the significant effects these variations may have during medical intervention. 


  • Gray H. Anatomy of the human body: Lea & Febiger; 1878.
  • Snell RS. Clinical anatomy by regions: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011.
  • Sinnatamby CS. Last's Anatomy e-Book: Regional and Applied: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2011.
  • Chaurasia B. BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy: CBS Publishers & Distributors PVt Ltd.; 2010.
  • Meenakshi S, Manjunath K, Balasubramanyam V. Morphological variations of the lung fissures and lobes. Indian Journal of Chest Diseases and Allied Sciences. 2004;46:179-82.
  • Quadros LS, Palanichamy R, D'souza AS. Variations in the lobes and fissures of lungs-a study in South Indian lung specimens. Eur J Anat. 2014;18(1):16-20.