Open Access, Peer Reviewed

Evaluation of knowledge about HIV/AIDS patients among Dental students: Findings from Eastern Turkey

Zehra SUSGUN YILDIRIM, Onur NACAKGEDIGI, Candan AYDIN HOS, Elif Pinar BAKIR, Emrullah BAHSI.

Date of Publication: 2019-11-15

Abstract

ABSTRACT  

Background: It is important that all dentists should have sufficient knowledge of HIV/AIDS patients, and their attitude should meet professional expectations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate Dicle University Dentistry students’ knowledge levels and attitudes about HIV/AIDS.

Methods: 353 students (353/561X 100= 63%) students that were divided into two groups as Clinical (4th and 5th grades) and pre-clinical (1st, 2nd and 3rd grade) cohorts.  assessment was done using questionnaires consisting of four main topics on a voluntary basis between 2015-2016 academic year. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 21 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA). When applicable, the data were assessed by t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: The overall response rate to the questionnaire was 62.9 percent. it was noted that 89.99% of students knew HIV/AIDS could infect dental workers whilst 95.42% were well aware of the mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS. Despite their awareness that HIV patients may infect them, they were poorly informed about procedure of protection. Also, the information about the oral manifestations of the patient was limited.

Conclusion: This study showed that knowledge of dental students in east part of Turkey about HIV infection and prevention was not adequate enough.

References:

  • 1. Cohen LA, Romberg E, Grace EG, et al. Attitudes of advanced dental education students toward individuals with AIDS, 2005. J Dent Educ 2005;69(8):896-900. 2. World Health Organization, UNAIDS/WHO Estimates. Summary of the global HIV epidemic 2018. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 3. T.C. Ministry of Health. Turkey HIV / AIDS, Control Program (2019-2024). T.C. Ministry of Health, Turkey Public Health Center, Strategy Development Department, Ankara, Turkey. 2019; p10-12.