Open Access, Peer Reviewed

Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of typhoid transmission in Ishaka town council, Bushenyi district, western Uganda

Doris Jeptalam Tuitoek

Date of Publication: 2020-11-17

Abstract

This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice on typhoid transmission in Ishaka town council Bushenyi district, Western Uganda. Its specific objectives were to determine the prevalence of typhoid fever in the study area and to determine the level of knowledge of transmission of the disease in the study area. The researcher used a null hypothesis stating that there is little knowledge about transmission of typhoid fever among residents of Ishaka town council, Bushenyi district. The design of this study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey in which 75 respondents were randomly selected without biasness and since this is a descriptive cross-sectional study, Kish & Leslie (1965) formula was used for computing the sample size. respondents was reached.

It was noted that 20(26.7%) of the respondents fetched their water from the streams, 15(20%) from wells, 14(18.7%) used piped water, and the least 13(17.3%) fetched water from bore holes and rivers. This finding also agreed with Sydney et al who also noted that sanitation and hygiene are the critical measures that can be taken to prevent typhoid. Typhoid does not affect animals and therefore transmission is only from human to human. Typhoid can only spread in environments where human feces or urine are able to come into contact with food or drinking water. Careful food preparation and washing of hands are crucial to preventing typhoid.

Out of those interviewed, the majority knew the causes of typhoid but still some few could not give the causes of typhoid fever. While on the treatment, some of the respondents said typhoid is treated using medical drugs, others said herbs are useful in treatment of typhoid.

In conclusion, concerted measures including provision of clean water, sanitation, and general improvements in public awareness and education is needed to control typhoid hence more research geared towards behavioral change and increased sanitation will reduce the prevalence of the disease.

References: